School Law Links
with Disabilities and the Law
Bd. of Ed of Hendrick Hudson Central Sch. District v.
Rowley (1982) U.S.
Parents of a deaf student want a translator in all of
her academic classes
Cited “appropriate” provision of the IDEA to provide
services for a child to receive maximum benefits from the IEP
Don’t have to maximize as long as students are moving
forward toward IEP goals and achieve passing grades.
Thomas v. Atascadero Unified School District (1987)
Can’t discriminate against students with AIDS
School violated Section 504 and 14th Amendment
Grube v. Bethlehem Area School District (1982)
Grube was excluded from playing football because
school officials found out he had only one kidney.
Court ruled can’t discriminate against Grube because
he only has one kidney.
Must allow Grube to play football.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (1973)
A national commitment to end discrimination in any
program that receives federal funds
IDEA (1990) Individuals with Disabilities Education
free appropriate public education
1. Child’s disability
must be declared a “child with a disability” under section 1401 of the IDEA.
2. Child must need
special education and related services because of the disability.
Americans with Disability Act (1990)
Expanded civil right protection to students and
persons with disabilities