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Ch.5 School Desegregation

 

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) U.S.

·        De jure separation

·        Separate but Equal

·        School segregation is legal

 

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (I ) (1954) U.S.

·        “Separate but equal has no place”

·        Separate educational facilities are unequal

·        Segregation is a denial of the protection of the laws.

·        Unconstitutional and violates the 14th Amendment

·        Doesn’t address how to end racial discrimination

 

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (II) (1955) U.S.

·        Attempts to address how to end racial discrimination in public schools

·        Local school authorities given responsibility for fashioning desegregation plans

 

Sheff v. O’neill (1999) Connecticut

·        School District Complied w/ new laws

·        De facto racial, ethnic, and economic segregation in a school district violated equal educational opportunities

·        In order to receive state funding, interdistrict programs must promote diversity as well as academic improvement