


13.31 B  Place Value
Through the Millions


Author: David Riddick
Date Created: 7/20/2003 5:40:13 PM PST


Grade/Level:
4

Students:
27 Students. 14 boys and 13 girls. 4 EO's; 6 IFEP's; 3 RFEP's; 14 ELD34:
GATE class  advanced learners

Subject Area(s):
Mathematics

Concept(s):
Students will learn to read and write California county populations through
the millions in expanded form, standard form, and word form.

State
Academic Content Standard(s):










CA CCTC: Aligned CSTP's and TPE's


Standard : CSTP: Standard for Assessing Student Learning
TPE: B. Assessing Student Learning
CSTP Description: Teachers establish and clearly communicate learning
goals for all students. Teachers collect information about student
performance from a variety of sources. Teachers involve all students in
assessing their own learning. Teachers use information from a variety of
ongoing assessments to plan and adjust learning opportunities that
promote academic achievement and personal growth for all students. Teachers
exchange information about student learning with students, families, and
support personnel in ways that improve understanding and encourage
further academic progress.


CSTP Key Element : Collecting and using multiple sources of information
to assess student learning.


Question : use a variety of
assessments to determine what students know and are able to do?



Standard : CSTP: Standard for Planning Instruction and Designing
Learning Experiences for all Students
TPE: D. Planning Instruction and Designing Learning Experiences
for Students
CSTP Description: Teachers plan instruction that draws on and values
students backgrounds, prior knowledge, and interests. Teachers establish
challenging learning goals for all students based on student experience,
language, development, and home and school expectations. Teachers
sequence curriculum and design longterm and shortrange plans that
incorporate subject matter knowledge, reflect gradelevel curriculum
expectations, and include a repertoire of instructional strategies.
Teachers use instructional activities that promote learning goals and
connect with student experiences and interests. Teachers modify and
adjust instructional plans according to student engagement and
achievement.


CSTP Key Element : Establishing and articulating goals for student
learning.


Question : design instructional
activities so that all students participate in setting and achieving
learning goals?


CA California K12 Academic Content Standards


Subject : Mathematics


Grade : Grade Four
By the end of grade four, students understand large numbers and addition,
subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers. They describe
and compare simple fractions and decimals. They understand the properties
of, and the relationships between, plane geometric figures. They collect,
represent, and analyze data to answer questions.


Area : Number Sense


SubStrand 1.0: Students understand the place value of whole numbers
and decimals to two decimal places and how whole numbers and decimals
relate to simple fractions. Students use the concepts of negative
numbers:


Standard 1.1 (Key
Standard): Read and write whole numbers in the millions.



Subject : History & Social Science


Grade : Grade Four


Area : California: A Changing State
Students learn the story of their home state, unique in American history
in terms of its vast and varied geography, its many waves of immigration
beginning with preColumbian societies, its continuous diversity,
economic energy, and rapid growth. In addition to the specific treatment
of milestones in California history, students examine the state in the
context of the rest of the nation, with an emphasis on the U.S.
Constitution and the relationship between state and federal government.


SubStrand 4.1: Students demonstrate an understanding of the
physical and human geographic features that define places and regions in
California.


Standard 5: Use maps, charts, and
pictures to describe how communities in California vary in land use,
vegetation, wildlife, climate, population density, architecture,
services, and transportation.




Objective(s):
Cognitive: Students will know how the millions period and thousands period of
a place value are alike and how they are different.
Observable: Students will read and write the California county populations in
expanded form, standard form, and word form.
Criteria: Given a list of county populations, students will identify which
numbers are in the millions period, thousands period, and ones period with
80% accuracy.

Prerequisite Background Skills/ Knowledge:
Students know California is broken up into many counties. These counties vary
in population.
Students know how to read and write numbers through the hundred thousands.

Vocabulary/Language Skills:
Listening: Students listen to verbal instructions given during directed
lesson. ELD students are given help by peer tutors as teacher speaks.
Speaking: Students participate in directed lesson by raising hands and
answering questions.
Writing: Students will take notes and write in their Math notebooks.
Reading: Students read from math textbook and Handout, "Populations of
California Counties"
Vocabulary: counties, population, period, standard form, word form, short
word form, expanded form

Materials:
1) Pencil & Paper
2) Transparencies
3) Transparency pen
4) Math Textbook
5) Social Studies folder
6) Handout "Populations of California Counties"
7) Handout "Population Map of California"
8) Handout "California Place Value  Practice"
9) Handout "California Place Value  Quiz"

Classroom Management:
During directed lesson, students are seated in assigned seats, which are
2person desks.
I will give out extra credit points for students who participate and
cooperate with lesson.
Extra credit points for actively engaged students

Models of Instruction:
Cooperative Learning




Procedure






Open:
As an attention getter, display the color coded California county map from
the previous lesson. Ask students to locate the most populated counties.
Write one of the least populated counties on the board.
For Example:
San Benito County

Input:
1st: Point out the standards we are working on (posted).
2nd: Ask students to read the population number for San Benito and give the
value of each digit:
San Benito County
53,234
Ask students to read the number and give the value of each digit:
(50,00; 3,000; 200; 30; 4)
3rd: Ask students to read the population number for a large county.
Los Angeles County
9,519,338
Ask students to read the number and give the value of each digit:
(9,000,000; 500,000; 10,000; 9,000; 300; 30; 8)
4th: Each group of three numbers is called a period or comma. These commas
separate one period from the next and help students read the number.
5th: Explain four ways to write the population for Los Angeles County.
9,519,338
1) Standard Form
9,519,338
2) Word Form
Nine Million, five hundred nineteen thousand, three hundred thirty three.
3) Short Word Form
9 million, 519 thousand, 338
4) Expanded Word Form
9,000,000 + 500,000 + 10,000 + 9,000 + 300 + 30 + 8
6th: Students will work in cooperative groups to write 5 county populations
in the above four different ways. High achieving students will work with
lower achieving students.

Guided Practice:
Model for students how to read and write a county population in four
different ways.
1) Standard Form
2) Word Form
3) Short Word Form
4) Expanded Word Form
Ask students how the millions period and the thousands period of a place
value are alike and how they are different. Discuss how both millions and thousands
places have places for hundreds, tens, and ones. Both have greater values as
you move from right to left. Each place value has a different value.

Independent Practice:
Students will work in cooperative groups to question one another on the value
of each digit of a county population number.
Students will work in cooperative groups to write 5 county populations in the
above four different ways. High achieving students will work with lower
achieving students.
High achieving students may write 3 different sixdigit numbers using the
digits 1,2,3,4,5, and 6. Students will identify the value of 6 in each
number.

Close:
To close the lesson students will share ways they understand how to read and
write place value through the millions.
High achieving students may share their 3 different sixdigit numbers with
the class.
Students will understand numbers can be written in different ways. Place
value can help students read and write numbers.




Assessment/
Reflection






Assessment:
Students will identify which California county population numbers are in the
millions period, thousands period, and ones period with 80% accuracy.

Reflection:
The objective of the lesson was achieved. Students were able to identify
which California county population numbers are in the millions period,
thousands period, and ones period with 80% accuracy. The lesson allowed
students to make a connection with a number in the millions place to a
tangible population of a county. Several students made an extension to the
lesson by memorizing a few of the California county populations. Students did
this on their own to understand how to read and write population numbers.
I did not anticipate the great disparity of understanding. Some of the
students finished the assignment in minutes while others struggled with a
basic understanding of place value. I allowed the high achieving students to
work with one another in finding other California counties to write out the
population numbers in various ways. I also allowed high achieving students to
work with low achieving students.
Ive tried to create a culture where students feel comfortable asking one
another for help. Students also made posters to explain how to read and write
their answers. This lesson was appropriate and on grade level because I
collected and used multiple sources of information to assess student
learning.
